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2011年7月自学考yabo402.com及答案英语(一)模拟yabo402.com(2)

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概要:xample, considerably less than half of the women in the United States still believed that they would put their husbands and children ahead of their own careers.More and more American women have come to believe that they should be equal partners rather than junior partners in their marriages. This stage of marriage, although not typical of most American marriages at present, will grow most rapidly in the future. In an equal partnership marriage, the wife pursues a full time job or career which has equal importance to her husb

2011年7月自学考yabo402.com及答案英语(一)模拟yabo402.com(2),http://www.jdxx5.com

  三、阅读理解题

  1. Since the late 1960s a growing number of women have expressed a strong dissatisfaction with any marriage arrangement wherein the husband and his career are the primary considerations in the marriage. By the end of the 1970s, for example, considerably less than half of the women in the United States still believed that they would put their husbands and children ahead of their own careers.

  More and more American women have come to believe that they should be equal partners rather than junior partners in their marriages. This stage of marriage, although not typical of most American marriages at present, will grow most rapidly in the future. In an equal partnership marriage, the wife pursues a full time job or career which has equal importance to her husband's. The long-standing division of labor between husband and wife comes to an end. The husband is no longer the main provider of family income, and the wife no longer has the main responsibilities for household duties and raising children. Husband and wife share all these duties equally. Power over family decisions is also shared equally.

  The rapid change in women's attitudes toward marriage in 1970s reflected rapid change in the larger society. The women's Liberation movement appeared in the late 1960s, demanding an end to all forms of sexual discrimination against females. An Equal Rights Amendment(修正案) to the U. S. Constitution was proposed which would make any form of discrimination on the basis of sex illegal, and though it has failed to be ratified, it continues to have millions of supporters.

  1. Since the late 1960s, more and more women dissatisfied with the marriage ________.

  A. arranged by other people

  B. in which husband and children are put in the first place

  C. in which they themselves have superior privilege

  D. arranged by their husbands

  2. In an equal partnership marriage, ________.

  A. the wife is the main provider of family income

  B. the wife no longer has household duty

  C. the husband and wife share the responsibility for the family

  D. the husband and wife will not quarrel in the family

  3. The Women's Liberation Movement ________.

  A. maintains sexual equality

  B. claims to get rid of family responsibility

  C. began in the end of 1970s

  D. thinks that husband and wife should interchange roles in family

  4. The word “ratified” (the forth line in paragraph 3) probably means ________.

  A. encouraged

  B. objected

  C. disproved

  D. confirmed

  5. In 1970s, women's attitude toward marriage changed rapidly because ________.

  A. women's liberation movement appeared in the late 1960s

  B. an Equal Rights Amendment to the U. S. Constitution was proposed

  C. husband is no longer the main provider of family income

  D. both A and B

  2. The skin which covers the tips of the fingers and thumbs is crossed by numerous ridges (隆 起)arranged in different patterns. This patterns are permanent from birth and remain exactly the same throughout a person's life, even when the skin becomes wrinkled and cracked as a result of old age. Such patterns are never passed on from parents to children, and no one in the world has the same patterns as anyone else. Even identical twins have different sets of fingerprints. As a result, fingerprints offer a most useful and foolproof way of identifying people. Any ridged part of the hand and the foot may be used as a means of identification, but finger impressions are usually preferred since they can be taken easily and quickly. Fingerprints are classified in the ways: by general shapes and contours, by the finger positions of the pattern-types, and by size (often measured by counting the ridges in the loops). Every set of fingerprints has different “ridge characteristics”(i. e. the print of each separate finger is different from that of all the other fingers), which belong to one of four basic groups: arches, loops, whorls and composites. All fingerprints can then be divided into 1, 024 groups. By using details in the patterns above, these 1, 024 groups can be further divided into thousands of smaller groups, thus making it possible to find a particular see prints in a few minutes.

  1. According to this passage, the true statement about human fingerprints is that ________.

  A. people's fingerprints can be inherited

  B. people's fingerprints are unique but identical twins may have the same fingerprints

  C. using fingerprints is the only way to identify people

  D. people's fingerprints will not change in all their lives

  2. We prefer to use fingerprints to identify people because ________.

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